The partition of in 1947 eventually accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
The partition involved the division of three provinces, Assam, Bengal and Punjab, based on district-wide Hindu or Muslim majorities.
The boundary demarcating India and Pakistan came to be known as the Radcliffe Line. It also involved the division of the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Indian Civil Service, the railways, and the central treasury, between the two new dominions.
The partition was set forth in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, as the British government there was called.
The two self-governing countries of Pakistan and India legally came into existence at midnight on 14–15 August 1947.
The partition displaced over 14 million people along religious lines, creating overwhelming refugee crises in the newly constituted dominions; there was large-scale violence, with estimates of loss of life accompanying or preceding the partition disputed and varying between several hundred thousand and two million.
Here are 25 Photos from partition of 1947.
Sikh carrying his wife on his shoulders as he walks with others migrating to their new homeland after the creation of Sikh and Hindu section of Punjab India due to the division of India.
Aged Muslim Indian couple w. their four grandchildren sit abandoned by roadside because they could not keep up with their caravan fleeing fr. East to West Punjab to escape anti-Moslem Sikhs.
Wreckage fr. carts & belongings Indian refugees who had been camped there before the Beas River flooded over, during mass migration because of religious conflicts.
Sikhs migrating to the Hindu section of Punjab (Pakistan) after the division of India.
These photographs taken in 1947 during the period of independence of India and Pakistan. The photographer is Margaret Bourke-White. These photographs collected from Life Archive hosted by Google.
It was the mass migration
People moving without any future
Family of Sikh refugees fr. Lahore about to be settled as male members of their family are out seeing about land allotments.
Mulsim man carrying his hookah in one hand while balancing pole holding his 5-yr. old son in convoy to West Punjab to escape anti-moslem Sikhs.
Frontier guards checking a truck convoy of migrating refugees on their way to Pakistan on the border of India.
Moslem refugees camp near Humayun’s Tomb where thousands are gathering to form a convoy to Pakistan in effort to avoid the Sikh violence against Muslims which is sweeping across India.
Someone rightly said about the partition